The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) proposed a rule to improve information reported about the residential mortgage market. The rule would shed more light on consumers’ access to mortgage credit by updating the reporting requirements of the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act (HMDA) regulations. The Bureau also aims to simplify the reporting process for financial institutions.
HMDA, which was originally enacted in 1975, requires many lenders to report information about the home loans for which they receive applications or that they originate or purchase. The public and regulators can use the information to monitor whether financial institutions are serving the housing needs of their communities and identify possible discriminatory lending patterns.
Congress passed the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (Dodd-Frank Act) in 2010 in response to the mortgage market crisis. The Dodd-Frank Act directed the CFPB to expand the HMDA dataset to include additional information about loans that would be helpful to better understand these aspects of the mortgage market.
The Bureau is proposing to improve the quality and type of HMDA data as required by the Dodd-Frank Act. The Bureau is also looking at ways to make submission of data easier for lenders and to improve the user experience in accessing the public data.
To provide better information about residential mortgage credit, the Bureau is proposing changes to the rules that establish what data financial institutions are required to provide. The proposed changes include improving market information and monitoring access to credit.
The CFPB aims to:
• Standardize the reporting threshold
• Ease reporting requirements for some small banks
• Align reporting requirements with industry data standards
• Improve the electronic reporting process
• Improve data access
The proposed rule will be open for public comment through October 22, 2014.
A copy of the proposed rule, which includes information on how to submit comments, is available at: http://files.consumerfinance.gov/f/201407_cfpb_proposed-rule_home-mortgage-disclosure_regulation-c.pdf
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